Perusing the Pepper Patch, Part 2

Big Bertha

The peppers, unlike some of our other plants, are doing very well in the heat. I’m glad we’re doing the Pepper Garden this year! It gives us something positive to look at. I tried to take some pictures of each plant in the Pepper Garden to show you where they’re at right now. (There are a lot of pictures in this post, so I apologize in advance if the formatting and spacing looks wonky – especially if you are using a feed reader.)

Starting from the south end of the bed, the Big Bertha bell peppers are by far the most productive of the traditional bell peppers so far. They are supposed to turn red as they mature, but we haven’t been leaving them on that long, for fear of sunscald. The peppers are good sized, although maybe not as big as you might wish, with a name like

Yummy Snack Pepper

“Big Bertha”.

Next up is the ‘Yummy’ Peppers. We had one plant of these snack peppers last year, and got a whopping 2 peppers off of it, and so far, the 3 plants this year are following right along that pattern. I think we’ve got about 2 peppers on 3 plants. I wish they weren’t so tasty, otherwise I would have completely written them off already. At least it makes you appreciate the cartons for $3.50 in the grocery store!

Piros Peppers

On the other hand, the ‘Piros’ peppers are looking very productive! The plants are loaded with peppers, and we’ve had one ripen fully and another is starting to turn red as I write. I think this is a hybridized form of an heirloom, which might explain the good yield. The funky shape and the rapidity with which they turn red makes these peppers a lot of fun to have in the garden!

Keeping with our theme of funny colored peppers, the Merlot Bell Peppers are next

Merlot Peppers

in line. While not quite as prolific as the neighboring Piros peppers, they are still setting quite well, and the peppers turn purple pretty quickly. The size of the peppers leaves something to be desired, and it is a bit of a challenge to decide if we should just let the peppers stay on the plants, even though they are already purple, in the hope of getting larger peppers. It seems like the peppers turn purple before they are full-sized.

Bulgarian Carrot Peppers

The ‘Bulgarian Carrot’ peppers, which we’ve discussed in previous posts, are also extremely prolific. These are hot peppers – I describe them as being hotter than a jalapeno but not nearly as hot as a habanero. Their shape and size is similar to a jalapeno (maybe not as rounded), but for one difference – they turn a gorgeous bright orange color! Early producing, prolific, colorful, flavorful – what’s not to love about these peppers?

Next is one of the other usual suspects from Friday PhotoEssays this

Albino Bullnose

year – the Albino Bullnose peppers. They have been chomping at the bit to produce ever since we planted them this spring. If you remember, I pinched the first set of buds off the plants, because they were trying to flower right after we transplanted them. After that, we just let them go! They have been so consistently loaded with peppers that the plants are now permanently flopped over into the neighboring plants’ space, although the Bulgarian Carrots are doing a good job of holding their own!

Purple Beauty

We certainly have a lot of nice color contrast in the pepper garden, you can’t deny that. Continuing on that theme are the Purple Beauty peppers. Similar to the Merlot peppers, these are bell peppers that are purple at maturity. Also like the Merlot peppers, they are giving us fits trying to decide when they are ready to pick. The peppers are staying smaller than I think they should be, but that could be due to the weather, lack of fertilizer, too many peppers on the plants, or some other factor. The color is a nice deep, dark purple though.

Purple Cayenne

Moving on, we have the Cayenne Blend peppers, which of course, have only shown themselves to be yellow so far. (It seems to work that way – if you plant a “mix” of anything, you end up with predominately one color!) Actually, the one planted in the Family of 4 garden is a dark purple, but otherwise it’s all yellow. As so far seems to be the case with the hot peppers, these plants are very prolific as well. They were also very early producers, and seem to be hitting a bit of a lag in production right now. I’ve also noticed that the yellow cayennes mature very rapidly, while the purple ones seem to be much slower. There could also be a difference in nutrient levels in the respective beds playing a role in that difference too.

Yatsufusa Peppers

Since we apparently love hot peppers, to the point where we grow more than we could possibly ever use, we planted the Yatsufusa peppers again this year. These are Japanese chili peppers which are very similar to Thai chilis in both characteristics and heat. They quickly turn from green to red, and if you let them sit on the plant, they will start to dry, which makes them great candidates for grinding into a homemade chili powder or red pepper flakes. Because we are gluttons for punishment, we planted four of these plants this year. Friends, that is three too many, because one plant produces more peppers than you could ever reasonably expect to consume in a year.

The Sapporo Hot peppers are another reprise from the Asian Garden last year.

Sapporo Hot Peppers

Slightly larger and slightly milder than the Yatsufusa peppers, they are extremely thin walled and turn red and dry on the plants very quickly. They aren’t quite as prolific as the Yatsufusa peppers either, and maybe not even quite as prolific as the Cayenne peppers (they are actually very similar to cayennes, but perhaps a slightly different flavor profile). However, they are still plenty vigorous for us.

The NuMex Sunrise Chilis are an anaheim type pepper, and are also one of the early producers with a pretty decent yield. They haven’t tolerated the hot sun quite well enough yet to get beautiful yellow chilis out of the deal, because they seem to get sunscald pretty easily. While that is a bit of a downer, we’re not complaining.

Pasilla Bajio plants in the center.

Now with this next pepper, we may have something to complain about. The Pasilla Bajio peppers are supposedly “mole” type peppers that are hot, chocolate brown at full maturity, and only a little smaller than an anaheim chili. Well, I’ll let you know, I hope. All I can say for sure as of this minute, is that the plants are significantly taller, ganglier, and have fewer leaves per stem than the other peppers in the garden. I have seen a few flowers starting to form here and there, so I’m hopeful that it’s just a late bloomer – literally!

Also on the disappointing side of the ledger so far are the Chocolate Habaneros. The plants are finally a little larger, but instead of flowering,

Chocolate Habaneros

the plants are developing this funky, pale, lime green coloration. I’m very suspicious that they have contracted a virus somehow – either thanks to the thrips that were giving us problems earlier in the spring, or due to incidental contact with something that could have infected them. It’s possible the seeds were infected, but I would have expected to see symptoms earlier in the year.  I’m still hoping for a few peppers (which should be plenty, given how hot they are!), since they are reputed to be very late producers. Given the amount of hot weather we’ve been having, they shouldn’t be too slow to produce.

New Ace Pepper

Back on the productive side of things, the New Ace bell peppers are starting to get in gear. Despite being planted 2 weeks after the other bell peppers, they are still doing quite well. The fruit are more of a blocky shape than the Big Bertha peppers, and they aren’t producing a lot, but for the first flush of peppers, it’s respectable.

Not quite last, and not quite least, are the King Arthur bell peppers. Another green-to-red bell pepper, they were also planted later and we lost one of the three plants. The plants show no signs of flowering, and certainly no signs of producing. Not quite sure what’s up with that!

Last (or first, if you start from the north end of the bed), are the Mini Belle

Mini Belle Peppers

Peppers. Another blend, the peppers aren’t far enough along to know what color they will be. This variety is supposed to produce small, 1 1/2-2 1/2 inch blocky “baby” bell peppers. The plants actually have a surprising number of peppers on them, but they don’t seem to be sizing up very quickly. I’m sure they’ll get there eventually, but not anytime too soon.

So there you have it – the virtual walkthrough of all 16 pepper varieties in the Demonstration Garden this year. Overall, they are doing very well in this hot, dry summer. There seem to be a few stinkers, but I’m not sure why, in many cases. I think most of them will shape up eventually. (The Yummy peppers and the Chocolate Habanero I’m less optimistic about.) If we do this again, at some point down the road, I think we may want to plant a few less hot peppers, and few more of the interesting types of sweet peppers.

 

About Rebecca

I'm a Horticulture Educator with Sedgwick County Extension, a branch of K-State Research and Extension, located in Wichita, KS. I teach about fruits, vegetables, and herbs.

Posted on July 28, 2011, in Around the Garden and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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